2018-10-04 _ ↓↓ END


The Qur'an only demands the bosom covering and no head-hood!


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Woman veiling in the Qur'an



Table of Contents






2 Comments on Surah 24, Verse 31


3 Comments on Surah 33, Verse 59


4 Wrapping Spiral


5 Section 0 - 22 Clothing Levels


The most important thing in a sentence: _ ↑↑ (=TOP)

Verse 59 and 31 were proclaimed to end women's nakedness in pre-Islamic times.


So far, only Section 17 has been translated.


Section 17: Indications of free Bosoms


Note Overview _


N1 Went out uncovered


N2 Photos (incl. naked Slave)


N3 Walked around naked


N4 Displayed Bosoms


N5 Left Breasts uncovered


N6 Rent a Garment _ ↑↑


N7 Draw a Garment over themselves


N8 Drawing Covers over Bosoms


N9 Was the Breast uncovered


The clothing-relevant Koran verses remain partially ambiguous even with optimal translation. To change from several meanings to one meaning, it is imperative to know as accurately as possible which clothing situation existed at the time of verse proclamation. Therefore, this section is trying to find the former clothing situation reliably.


Apparently, no pictures or into German translated documents from the pre-Islamic period for the urgent supposition that Arab women were often in the pre-Islamic period with free bosom or naked in public, were published on the Internet. Some of the following nine note point not only to free breasts, but also to complete nudity. _ ↑↑


Note 1: Went out uncovered

Foreign website Clothes Order →→ {only in German} Citation from it:


>> Akhr ad-Din ar-Razi (died 606 after the Hijra): "In the time of the Jahiliyya (pre-Islamic period), the free and enslaved women went uncovered to the public, and by doing so, they became intending to commit fornication, they were followed, and allegations have been brought against her. And that is why Allah has made the Jilbab to a duty on the free women." <<


The extensive comments on note 1 are to find at the end of this Section after note 9 or alternate before section 18. However, please do not read these own comments until after the other notes 2 to 9 have been viewed. _ ↑↑


Note 2: Photos (incl. enslaved naked Woman)

According to Note 1, the free and enslaved women are equated in terms of clothing. This means that the uncovered free women were about as “clothed” as the uncovered enslaved women. As uncovered enslaved women also looked in early Islam (about 700 AD.) and therefore even more in pre-Islam (earlier than about 610 AD.), can be seen here:


Enslaved Women in a Caravan (0.8 MB) {only in German}


This Website contains not only the enslaved woman, but also four further Photos.


Note 3: Walked around naked

Foreign website Women's Rights →→ {only in German} Citation from it:



In modern Muslim circles, we are also constantly hearing the claims that the body covering (hijab or khimar) is supposed to be the liberation from sexual attention, that it is a "feminist decision" that "pays tribute to a woman", because women are not Islam "wandered around" naked and played with their "charms". That's not quite true. Class thinking certainly existed in pre-Islamic Arab society. The upper classes, the so-called "free women," covered their bodies, even faces, because their "sexuality and reproductive ability belonged to one human being," which later continued in Islam. Women who belonged to the lower strata and the female slaves did not cover each other. In fact, female slaves were not even allowed to cover their bodies and were punished, if they tried to behave like free women - and this continued in Islam as well: … << _ ↑↑


Own comments: What is meant by "not covered = uncovered" is clearly defined by the slaves:

The not covered (uncovered) female slaves were not allowed to (even) cover their bodies. With a female slave, "uncovered" means, that her whole body is uncovered. Since the word "uncovered" is also used for lower-class women and slaves, this means that the word "uncovered" also applied to the whole body in lower-class women. Since the lower-class women and female slaves made up at least 90% of the population, in pre-Islamic times almost all women went into the public complete uncovered ... except for a minimal coverage of the genital area. Conclusion: Uncovered referred in pre-Islamic times to the whole body and not just on the head or the house clothes.


One Breast uncovered: If the above link "Women's Rights" is opened, the photo of a group of people, hewn in stone, can be seen, which certainly belongs to the upper class. This stone slab looks like, it was from pre-Islamic times. The left person could be a woman, whose upper body looks different left and right. The round thing on the left side of the woman's upper body could be an uncovered breast. Compare this in Note 2 with the fifth photograph showing a woman with one uncovered breast.


Note 4a: Displayed Bosoms

Foreign website ALRAHMAN→→ _ Citation from it:


>> It is said that at the time of the Prophet there were women running around half naked, with breasts generously displayed. It is said that before the supremacy of Islam, the ritual of pilgrimage to the Kaaba was performed by women in a nude state (Kurtubi, al-Jami-il Ahkamil Kuran 7/189). We can deduct from verse 59 mentioned above, that it was common in pre-Islamic times for women, to display their adornments (ziynets). <<


Note 4b: There were Gentiles _ ↑↑

The bosom-covering is an essential element of Judaism and Christianity. Nothing comparable is known about Gentiles. The heathen areas in and around Mecca / Medina were so far away from the Christian areas that there was no Christian influence. In addition, the pagan areas were separated from the Christian areas by the desert named Tebuk. Pagans did not have a god who allegedly gave them through a middleman (prophets) what they had to do and what to do.


Note 5a: Left Breasts uncovered

Own website TV Presenter (0.7 MB) {only in German}

Unfortunately, the "arrogant" TV presenter did not call a direct source, but "only" invoked the nude circling of the Kaaba when he suggested that before verse 31 of Sūrah An-Nūr was revealed, women uncovered their breasts and even left naked (even if they left the private area).


Note 5b: Naked around the Kaaba

This fact is comparatively certain with three quotes and also that only the Prophet forbade this custom. See also the same link as in Note 5a. At the time of the Prophet, Christianity, which requires clothing, had not yet reached Mecca and Medina. The inhabitants of Mecca and Medina thus did not yet know the Christian prohibition of nakedness in public. The Medians and Meccans were still heathens, and the seat of their gods was the Kaaba. _ ↑↑


Note 6a: Lend a Garment

Foreign website Clothes Order Part 1 →→ (0,63 MB), Citation from it (see before section 8): {in German}


<< I asked, 'O Messenger of Allah, what if one of us has no Jilbab?' He said, "Then her sister should lend her a Jilbab." >>


Own comment: This is an indication, that not all women had a garment. It can probably be assumed, that women who had no robe, are going in public without robe. This means they were uncovered or only back covered in public.


Note 6b: Antique Pictures of bare-breasted Women

Occasionally there are illustrations from antiquity, in which even important women are seen with largely free bosom (for example, from India). So, if even women of the upper class bore their breasts free, then it is obvious that even the simple women did that. _ ↑↑

In addition: The custom that women cover their breasts, comes from the Jewish-Christian. However, Judaism and Christianity never reached the region of Mecca / Medina.


Note 7: Wear a robe over yourself ...

... according to Surah 33, Verse 59. The very brief guise of clothing in this verse (to draw over themselves of their garments / to pull over her robes) is ambiguous. This may also mean simply that women should wear a robe before they exit. Making such a demand makes sense only if there were many women who did not put on a robe when they left. Since there were no bras at the time and certainly no undershirts were worn because of the heat, women with a shirtless body would appear in public, if they did not wear a robe before. _ ↑↑


Note 8a: Pulling towels over breasts ...

... according to Surah 24, verse 31. If this verse part is seen verbatim, which is most obvious first of all, then it can be clearly deduced from this demand that there were many women at that time, with uncovered breasts, who went public. The prophet wanted only because the women in his homeland (also) cover the bosom, because it so learned from the Christian areas.

In Surah 24, verse 31, it is demanded that women should not (publicly) flaunt their ornaments, that is, their bosoms. From this it is immediately apparent that the women of that time displayed their adornment, that is, their bosom, (publicly).


Note 8b: Place towels ...

... according to Surah 24, Verse 60. Shedding towels means to normal-minded people that then man is naked. That's exactly what the Prophet meant. The older women would have been naked if they had taken off their towels. However, the prophet has limited the laying of the cloths, which is not discussed here. What matters is that the Prophet first announced that older women could take off their shawls. Someone can only come up with the idea of proclaiming such a thing when it was known that most of the women recently went public largely naked. This means that verse 60 can also be used as an indication of pre-Islamic nakedness. _ ↑↑


Note 9: ... the breast was uncovered

Quote from the book found in Google Books "Religion in the legal society: legal conflicts and public controversies about religion as a frontier work on the religious field, by Astrid Reuter, from 2014". On page 154 is the footnote [17]:

>> The term" himar "used in Surah 24, according to the Qur'anic commentary by Muhammad Asad (aka Leopold Weiss, 1900 -1992), refers to a head covering that was already loosely worn by Arab women in pre-Islamic times as 'fashionable'. Accessory was worn; since, according to the customs of the times, the garment of (unmarried) women was wide open to the front, the breast was uncovered. << _ ↑↑


Own comment: The footnote [17] was quoted only because it mentions directly uncovered bosoms. Of course, the term "uncovered" is well suited as a dispute point, because only blanket "uncovered" was specified and not differentiated, such as "completely unc." or "minimally unc.". So there will be people who understand "uncovered" completely free breasts, including freely visible breast warts and others understand that only a little bit of the breast is to be guessed. In the latter case, so much of the bosom would be seen, as is customary in today's small blouse, robe or dress cutouts, but not as much as, for example, in a dirndl.


Otherwise there is a lot to complain about:

The Himār is mainly something covering or concealing and not primarily a head covering. For more on the extensive topic of the Himār, see the website "Translation Variants of Surah 24, verse 31", Section 21 (0.6 MB) {only in German}.


The footnote [17] a "garment" is mentioned. Here are all wrong, who assume that in pre-Islamic times usually garments were worn. Robes were only worn on festive occasions. The women had no robe in EVERYDAY LIFE. However, some women covered their backs from head to toe with a long, narrow cloth because of the sun and insects. The women were so covered behind and front free. But there were also women who were completely uncovered, except for a minimal coverage of the pubic area. _ ↑↑


Back covered and front free had quite a few advantages:

- The body back, which is mainly illuminated by the sun, was protected.

- The mainly from the backside attacking insects were held off.

- The body heat could be delivered optimally over the free front.

- The baby belly could develop freely.

- The women could easily breastfeed their children without first removing something from their breasts.


The footnote [17] also states the following:

"Surah 24:31 now instructs the women also to cover the breast with the Himār."


The following comment: The word "also" is not in verse 31.

The clothing requirement of verse 31 is (Humur is the plural of Himār):

"... and let them pull their Humur (= elongated fabric pieces) over their breasts ..."

and it is NOT:

"... and let them pull their Humur (= elongated fabric pieces) ALSO (still) over their breasts ..."


See also: Purview of Verse 31 (0.6 MB) {only in German) _ ↑↑


Before Mohammed and during his lifetime, there was no need to carry the Himār (= the elongated piece of fabric) always upside down in any case. It took a long time for Muhammad's death to come up with others. Eventually, the word "too" was simply invented, just as much of it was invented to justify an alleged head-hair covering duty with the Koran.


Own Comments to Note 1:

Quote Repeat with MARKED words being commented:

>> akhr ad-Din ar-Razi (died 606 after the HIJRA): "In the time of the Jahiliyya (pre-Islamic period), the free and enslaved women went UNCOVERED to the public, and by doing so, they became intending to commit FORNICATION, they were FOLLOWED, and ALLEGATIONS have been brought against her. And that is why ALLAH has made the JILBAB to a DUTY on the FREE WOMAN." <<


There is also a very different version of this quote. See: 2 x uncovered (0.5 MB) {only in German}


The quote from ar-Razi is thematically to surah 33, verse 59 (robbing). It contains an important addition to verse 59 because it provides the main reason why verse 59 was proclaimed. According to the quote: "In the time of the Jahiliyya (pre-Islamic period), the free and enslaved women went into the public UNCOVERED ..." _ ↑↑


Comments on the MARKED words:

HIJRA: Emigration of the Prophet Muhammad from Mecca and beginning of the Islamic era. Zero to Hijra = 622 AD. If someone died in Hijra in 606, that means 606 + 622 = 1228 after Christ.


UNCOVERED: Of course, the term "uncovered" is well suited as a dispute point, because only blanket "uncovered" was specified and not differentiated, such as "completely unborn" or "minimally unb.". So there will be people who understand completely bare under "uncovered" and others understand that only the face or even just one eye was uncovered.


However, if the annotated note 1 is read carefully, there is no room at all for what is meant by "uncovered", because uncovered = without garment. Explanation why this is stated in the quote: The first sentence mentions uncovered women. In the last sentence "Allah" (actually the Prophet) imposes on the free women the Jilbab = the garment as duty. However, such imposition is meaningful only if no robes were worn before and the bosoms were free. _ ↑↑


It is hard to imagine that the women were really completely uncovered, so completely naked in public. Probably there was still a minimal coverage in the genital area and also the head-hair was covered with a changing percentage loosely with a cloth that fell over the neck and quite could also cover the shoulders (because of the sun). However, the bosom should have been uncovered in any case, so that the hint 1 can be regarded as a valid indication of free breasts.


The fact that people in the region of Mecca and Medina are well covered or even completely uncovered is due to the shady vegetation in these two regions. See also the topic Climate in Medina and Mecca (0.5 MB) {only in German}


Those who think that Jilbab is an outer garment, of course, understand something completely different when uncovered: The women just walked on the street covered in their house clothes and they should now put on an outer garment. So, the prophet is said to have proclaimed verse 59 because he did not want women to go public dressed only with house clothes. Anyone who really believes something like that can no longer be helped.


FORNICATION: Whether the women wanted to commit fornication, may be doubted. The then usually still bare-headed women did not want to automatically commit fornication. It was a natural and normal thing to go almost naked or even completely naked, because ALL did. When all are always naked, nudity does not signal increased sexual desire. Shame is also something that was imported from Judaism and Christianity into the heathen areas. _ ↑↑


FOLLOWED: Whether the women were prosecuted and ethically charges against them, may be doubted. Perhaps women were sexually persecuted, especially in cities, in terms of sexual harassment or abuse. Earlier natural peoples (for example, indigenous people in primeval forests), who lived in small communities of about 100 people and were largely naked, are not known to have particular sexual problems there. However, the sexual problems probably increased after it came to city education and thus many people had to and must live together in a small space.


ALLEGATIONS: Who raised allegations against the women? The women went out for centuries or perhaps for over a thousand years without clothes in public and therefore no one raised allegations against the women. Why was there a problem with it? Was Mohammed behind it? In fact, the whole reasoning with fornication, following and allegations is pulled by the hair. Mohammed wanted robes for all free women because he saw this in his youth in the Christian areas of the Mediterranean region. See also Section 19 ↓ Traveling of Muhammad {only in German}


ALLAH: Why did not Allah give some of the women a garment as a duty until about 600 years after Christus and not from the beginning, for example already 3,000 years earlier? Did Allah sleep so long? Only meaningful answer: Allah is the most important (contour less) fantasy figure creditors. Nature steered itself in the already past eternity itself, controls itself at the moment and will steer itself for all eternity, essentially with the help of the laws of nature, of which at that time almost nothing was known. _ ↑↑


JILBAB = Gilbab = (wide) robe, which originally had to be worn directly on the skin, because it is hard to imagine that even completely naked women might have been able to wear the two clothing levels "home clothes" and "overalls". Robe "done at once. Today, the Gilbab / Jilbab is a robe that is worn over the "normal" home clothes as soon as the woman leaves the house. See also section 22: ↓ clothing levels

Another indication that the garments in the upper body were initially worn directly on the skin, arises from the FALSE justification for verse 31, which is: The towels should therefore be pulled over clothes slits, because otherwise too light over deep slits bosom parts could be seen. But this "problem" only exists when the women did NOT wear anything under their robes.


DUTY: To impose the Jilbab (the garment) on the free women as a duty means, that the (most free) women already had garments, which they only sometimes wore voluntarily. With the proclamation of verse 59, the women are now always forced to wear their robes. _ ↑↑


FREE WOMEN: Why did Allah only impose a robe as a duty on free women and not on slaves as well? Answer: See previous section. Why did Allah allow the slave-slave nature in general?


On the website of Kalifat.com (dress code) a moderate translation version of Surah 33, verse 59 is used, which reads in part: "... they should override their outer garments abundantly ...". However, there are two points to complain about:

abundantly is not in the Arabic Koran text.

outer garments cannot be, but highest garments. Reason: The point was that the women in public cover their free upper body. Outer garments could only have been demanded if the breasts of women in the house had already been covered, which was not the case originally. The people of Alrahman believe, that the Arabic term "Gilbab", often translated as "outer garments", simply means "covering" (... to cover themselves). _ ↑↑


Section 18: Headscarf in Bible _ Sections ↑





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